Sunday, September 27, 2009

Chinafrica (23) Watching for PRC Influence in Africa

China, Africa ever closer 60 years on
The Southern Times (So. Africa)
Sunday, September 27, 2009

By Ma Guihua

In 1956, seven years after New China was founded, Egypt became the first country in Africa to recognize China and forge diplomatic relations with the young People's Republic. Now, 53 years on, as China is celebrating its 60th anniversary, China has befriended 47 of the 53 countries on the continent.

What is more, in an ever more globalized world, the traditional brotherhood between China and African countries in the yesteryears have been updated to a "strategic" partnership, with richer connotations.

This new partnership, formulated by Chinese President Hu Jintao in 2006 at the peak of the Forum on China and Africa Cooperation when 48 heads of African countries met in Beijing for their largest gathering, spells out the principles to bring China, the world's largest developing country, and Africa, the largest continental concentration of developing countries, together as the two sides see more common interests in the new era.

The strategic partnership secured in the political document of Beijing Declaration highlights equality and mutual trust in political affairs, mutual benefit and win-win solution in economic cooperation, and cultural interaction to promote mutual understanding and friendship, in a bid to push for a more harmonious international order.

As Hu Jintao said at the opening ceremony of the Beijing summit, the new China-Africa strategic partnership is not only called for by the increasing China-Africa cooperation, but also a necessity for world peace and development.

Ever since China's reform and opening up in 1978, huge productivity has been unleashed in China, which has sustained a two-digit growth rate for well over the last decade. The economic boom powered by a market economy with Chinese characteristics has lifted over 230 million rural Chinese out of poverty, making the country the first in the world to accomplish the UN Millennium Goal for poverty reduction.

While savoring the fruits of its own growth, China has never forgotten its obligations to the African brothers, thanks largely to their support, China resumed its legal seat at the United Nations in 1971.

Over the past 50 odd years, China has offered aid to 53 African countries with about 800 projects, constructing over 2,000-kilometer of railroad, 3,000-kilometer of highway, sending medical teams that amounted to 15,000 person times, treating some 240 million patients.

The projects, to the tune of 6 billion U.S. dollars and with no strings attached, sometimes were carried out when China itself was suffering economic difficulties.

Five years since the inauguration of the Forum for China-Africa Cooperation, China had again relieved 31 African countries of 10.9 billion yuan (1.36 billion U.S. dollars) worth of debt.

China "feels indebted to" the African people, said Premier Wen Jiabao during his visit to Egypt in 2006. "We should never remember the benefits we have offered nor forget the favor received," Wen added, quoting an old Chinese proverb.

China's economic success has been great inspiration to Africa, a continent slowly recovering from the ravage of war and famine with a growing rate at around 5% in the past years, higher than the world average.

"As Africans demonstrate renewed resolve to address the challenges confronting their continent, they can benefit greatly from the experience of their friends in China, who have had such success in sustaining growth and reducing poverty," said Kofi Annan, then UN Secretary General on the occasion of the Beijing summit.

He hailed the grand gathering in Beijing "a historic opportunity for China and Africa to build on these shared ideals, and to advanced South-South cooperation."

In 2006, China pledged to increase its aid to Africa by one fold in 2009 and endeavored to bring bilateral trade to 100 billion U.S. dollars by 2010.

Three years on, despite the global financial crisis, China has kept its promises. In 2008, bilateral trade rose to 108 billion U.S. dollars, almost doubling the figure in 2006. Nearly half of the African countries have expanded their exports to China by over 50 percent.

China-Africa Development Fund is in operation; debt relief is half way through; zero-tariff for 454 types of commodities are on the way; work on the Africa Union Center has started; the first trade and economic zone, malaria prevention and treatment center, and an agricultural demonstration center are all ready for work.

Since 1980s, China has shifted its aid to Africa from simple relief through goods and cash, dubbed "blood transfusion", to development-oriented relief such as training, technology and knowledge transfer, to focus more on capacity building, which is essential to Africans developing Africa.

As an emerging economy, China is increasingly aware of its obligation to the international community. China was the first country to clearly propose and promote the three-party mechanism on Darfur. It is also the first country beyond Africa to send peacekeeping forces to the Darfur region in Sudan.

As a responsible power, China has given its full support to United Nations missions in Africa, sending so far more than 800 peacekeeping troops to war-torn countries including the Democratic Republic of Congo and Liberia.

However, China's increasing involvement in Africa plus its principle of non-interference into the political affairs of African countries is sometimes viewed in a different light, certain western critics even called it "neo-colonialism".

Bill Durodie, associate fellow with the Royal Institute of International Affairs, United Kingdom, said in 2008 at a conference in London that China's trade and investment in Africa benefits not only Africans, but the Europeans and the United States as well.

"African countries that have been growing at 5-6 percent for a decade need new roads, power stations, hospitals, schools and manufactured goods,' he said, adding "Unlike others in the region, the Chinese have a reputation for paying promptly and well."

According to Durodie, Western countries' criticizing on China's new role and impact on Africa is a sign of the Western imagination's inability to view Africans as capable of dealing with their own problems and the West's obsession with viewing China as malign.

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, also noted in his a speech at the 2006 Beijing summit: "We hold that the establishment of a new type of strategic partnership is both the shared desire and independent choice of China and Africa, serves our common interests, and will help enhance solidarity, mutual support and assistance and unity of the developing countries and contribute to durable peace and harmonious development in the world."

Indeed, the new China-Africa strategic partnership will carry the two sides far into the future and, for all to see. —, China Features.

Labels:

10 Comments:

At 5:54 PM, Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

ninest123 10.20
tiffany jewelry, michael kors outlet, louis vuitton, ray ban sunglasses, nike outlet, nike air max, oakley sunglasses, michael kors, kate spade, gucci handbags, louis vuitton outlet, tory burch outlet, cheap jordans, uggs on sale, louis vuitton outlet, ralph lauren polo, burberry factory outlet, louboutin shoes, chanel handbags, uggs outlet, nike air max, nike free, michael kors handbags, michael kors outlet online, uggs on sale, longchamp outlet, michael kors outlet store, burberry outlet, longchamp bags, ray ban sunglasses, christian louboutin, longchamp outlet, prada outlet, prada handbags, oakley sunglasses, oakley sunglasses, oakley sunglasses, christian louboutin, uggs outlet, tiffany jewelry, louis vuitton outlet online, cheap oakley sunglasses, replica watches, louis vuitton handbags, louboutin uk, ralph lauren outlet, uggs on sale, michael kors outlet online

 
At 5:58 PM, Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

coach outlet, converse, vanessa bruno pas cher, kate spade outlet, true religion outlet, true religion outlet, michael kors, polo lacoste pas cher, mulberry uk, timberland pas cher, abercrombie and fitch, nike tn pas cher, louboutin pas cher, true religion jeans, nike air max uk, longchamp pas cher, north face pas cher, coach outlet store online, nike free, coach purses, vans pas cher, lunette ray ban pas cher, nike air max pas cher, michael kors uk, lunette oakley pas cher, hogan sito ufficiale, nike air force, abercrombie and fitch UK, hollister uk, nike roshe uk, lululemon outlet, michael kors, polo ralph lauren uk, longchamp soldes, burberry pas cher, ralph lauren pas cher, nike free pas cher, nike air max, jordan pas cher, ray ban uk, nike roshe run pas cher, michael kors outlet online, new balance, sac guess pas cher, nike blazer pas cher, true religion outlet, hermes pas cher, coach outlet, north face uk

 
At 6:01 PM, Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

polo ralph lauren, hollister, nfl jerseys, lululemon outlet, chi flat iron, vans scarpe, north face outlet, nike roshe run, north face outlet, giuseppe zanotti, converse shoes outlet, mont blanc, abercrombie and fitch, longchamp uk, soccer shoes, timberland boots, asics running shoes, hollister clothing, mcm handbags, hermes handbags, reebok outlet, soccer jerseys, mac cosmetics, new balance shoes, instyler ionic styler, nike air max, iphone cases, celine handbags, insanity workout, ray ban, ghd hair, herve leger, vans outlet, nike air max, softball bats, louboutin, converse, salvatore ferragamo, nike trainers uk, abercrombie, valentino shoes, nike air huarache, bottega veneta, gucci, oakley, p90x workout, wedding dresses, babyliss pro, beats by dre, jimmy choo outlet, replica watches, ray ban sunglasses

 
At 6:04 PM, Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

hollister, montre pas cher, juicy couture outlet, coach outlet, sac louis vuitton, louis vuitton uk, canada goose pas cher, canada goose jackets, wedding dresses uk, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, louis vuitton, louis vuitton, moncler pas cher, michael kors outlet, moncler, moncler outlet, moncler, lancel, ugg uk, ugg pas cher, pandora uk, supra shoes, replica watches, moncler, links of london uk, moncler uk, moncler, barbour, pandora jewelry, canada goose, sac louis vuitton, pandora charms, michael kors outlet online, pandora jewelry, swarovski jewelry, thomas sabo uk, barbour jackets uk, karen millen uk, toms shoes, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, canada goose outlet, canada goose jackets, juicy couture outlet, canada goose uk, doke & gabbana, canada goose, moncler jackets, swarovski uk, canada goose outlet, michael kors handbags, bottes ugg pas cher
10.20

 
At 7:54 PM, Blogger mmjiaxin said...

coach outlet store
swarovski jewelry
michael kors outlet
christian louboutin shoes
michael kors uk outlet
ugg boots
nike running shoes
michael kors outlet sale
ray-ban sunglasses
cheap soccer jerseys
nike air max uk
prada sneakers
michael kors outlet online
nike roshe
swarovski crystal
oakley sunglasses
ralph lauren uk
nobis jacket
north face outlet
roshe run men
mm1128

 
At 5:29 PM, Blogger ninest123 said...

polo ralph lauren outlet, cheap oakley sunglasses, louboutin pas cher, louis vuitton outlet, longchamp, air max, christian louboutin outlet, gucci outlet, louis vuitton, ugg boots, prada outlet, nike outlet, sac longchamp, burberry, air jordan pas cher, louboutin outlet, louis vuitton, michael kors, replica watches, oakley sunglasses, nike air max, louboutin, tiffany and co, uggs on sale, louis vuitton outlet, longchamp outlet, replica watches, longchamp pas cher, louboutin shoes, ugg boots, nike free, prada handbags, oakley sunglasses, longchamp outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, nike air max, oakley sunglasses, ray ban sunglasses, ray ban sunglasses, kate spade outlet, chanel handbags, louis vuitton, tiffany jewelry, jordan shoes, nike roshe run, ray ban sunglasses, nike free, oakley sunglasses, ralph lauren pas cher, tory burch outlet

 
At 5:30 PM, Blogger ninest123 said...

michael kors, nike air max, ray ban pas cher, tn pas cher, michael kors, true religion outlet, timberland, north face, true religion jeans, air force, ray ban uk, nike air max, coach purses, kate spade handbags, michael kors outlet, nike blazer, michael kors, ugg boots, true religion jeans, hermes, vans pas cher, new balance pas cher, oakley pas cher, michael kors outlet, burberry outlet online, ralph lauren uk, north face, abercrombie and fitch, vanessa bruno, hollister pas cher, converse pas cher, sac guess, michael kors, burberry, michael kors outlet, replica handbags, true religion jeans, lacoste pas cher, michael kors outlet, lululemon, nike roshe, hollister, hogan, nike air max, mulberry, coach outlet, nike free run uk, coach outlet, ugg boots, michael kors outlet

 
At 5:35 PM, Blogger ninest123 said...

mont blanc, insanity workout, valentino shoes, north face outlet, timberland boots, soccer shoes, vans shoes, babyliss, new balance, nfl jerseys, mac cosmetics, giuseppe zanotti, p90x workout, nike huarache, nike trainers, nike air max, reebok shoes, vans, ray ban, baseball bats, lululemon, hollister, mcm handbags, celine handbags, wedding dresses, hollister, soccer jerseys, nike air max, iphone cases, ralph lauren, abercrombie and fitch, instyler, chi flat iron, louboutin, converse outlet, north face outlet, herve leger, bottega veneta, nike roshe, longchamp, asics running shoes, birkin bag, hollister, beats by dre, ghd, lancel, oakley, jimmy choo shoes, gucci, ferragamo shoes

 
At 5:35 PM, Blogger ninest123 said...

canada goose outlet, moncler outlet, supra shoes, replica watches, toms shoes, moncler, thomas sabo, hollister, marc jacobs, swarovski, montre pas cher, moncler, ugg pas cher, louis vuitton, pandora jewelry, canada goose, sac louis vuitton pas cher, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, juicy couture outlet, canada goose, moncler, pandora charms, karen millen, pandora charms, juicy couture outlet, canada goose, bottes ugg, louis vuitton, swarovski crystal, links of london, canada goose, pandora jewelry, moncler, wedding dresses, canada goose outlet, louis vuitton, moncler, doudoune canada goose, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, coach outlet, louis vuitton, moncler, moncler, ugg boots uk, canada goose uk

 
At 11:46 PM, Blogger Liu Liu said...

In a fiery and bizarre Nike Air Max 2015 Shoes 50-minute news conference Tuesday morning, the Louisiana sheriff investigating the shooting death louboutin outlet of former cheap nfl jerseys NFL player Joe nfl jerseys store McKnight held forth at length about the criticism his department has faced; about race Nike Free Run relations and “black-on-black” crime; and what he called Nike Air Max 90 the shameful behavior of some christian louboutin shoes witnesses and the public. The remarks — nominally focused on a recent arrest in McKnight’s death — swerved passionately and erratically among many topics. Jefferson Parish Sheriff Newell Normand appeared visibly angry as he defended authorities NFL Jerseys from criticism. At one point he described the actions christian louboutin uk of both Nike Roshe Run the suspect and victim as wholesale nfl jerseys “bad behavior.”

 

Post a Comment

<< Home