Tuesday, February 03, 2009

Literature Alert - Biofuels from dedicated tropical plantations

BIOFUELS FROM DEDICATED TROPICAL PLANTATION FORESTS -- It is time for detailed studies of the lignofuels options, by A. Gabus & A. Hawthorne, in International Forestry Review, Volume 10, Issue 4, December 2008, pp 563-572.

Summary. As a source of alternative fuels, ligneous biomass offers two significant advantages: trees can grow on low-yield land unsuited for food production and supply the energy required for producing derived fuels. Technologies for its conversion into substitutes for gasoline and especially for diesel fuel are complex and expensive. Harnessing and applying them will however be pushed forward by the double challenge of oil resource depletion and global warming. Ample sunlight and high rainfall suggest that the tropics may be the preferred areas where plantation forests dedicated to lignocellulose fuel production (or lignofuels as distinct from agrofuels) could be established. At petroleum prices 10 to 20% above 2007 levels, the authors conclude that a 'bioethanol outlet' for tropical forest plantations on deforested idle lands and humid savannahs is viable (see graph and pictures: http://homepage.bluewin.ch/agabus/352.html). To meet the very rapid expected growth in demand for biomass, such projects should thus be initiated now.

Access to the review and this paper: http://www.cfa-international.org/IFR.html
http://www.atypon-link.com/CFA/toc/ifor/10/4

###

EarlyBird

Labels: , , ,

12 Comments:

At 5:55 PM, Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

ninest123 10.20
tiffany jewelry, michael kors outlet, louis vuitton, ray ban sunglasses, nike outlet, nike air max, oakley sunglasses, michael kors, kate spade, gucci handbags, louis vuitton outlet, tory burch outlet, cheap jordans, uggs on sale, louis vuitton outlet, ralph lauren polo, burberry factory outlet, louboutin shoes, chanel handbags, uggs outlet, nike air max, nike free, michael kors handbags, michael kors outlet online, uggs on sale, longchamp outlet, michael kors outlet store, burberry outlet, longchamp bags, ray ban sunglasses, christian louboutin, longchamp outlet, prada outlet, prada handbags, oakley sunglasses, oakley sunglasses, oakley sunglasses, christian louboutin, uggs outlet, tiffany jewelry, louis vuitton outlet online, cheap oakley sunglasses, replica watches, louis vuitton handbags, louboutin uk, ralph lauren outlet, uggs on sale, michael kors outlet online

 
At 5:58 PM, Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

coach outlet, converse, vanessa bruno pas cher, kate spade outlet, true religion outlet, true religion outlet, michael kors, polo lacoste pas cher, mulberry uk, timberland pas cher, abercrombie and fitch, nike tn pas cher, louboutin pas cher, true religion jeans, nike air max uk, longchamp pas cher, north face pas cher, coach outlet store online, nike free, coach purses, vans pas cher, lunette ray ban pas cher, nike air max pas cher, michael kors uk, lunette oakley pas cher, hogan sito ufficiale, nike air force, abercrombie and fitch UK, hollister uk, nike roshe uk, lululemon outlet, michael kors, polo ralph lauren uk, longchamp soldes, burberry pas cher, ralph lauren pas cher, nike free pas cher, nike air max, jordan pas cher, ray ban uk, nike roshe run pas cher, michael kors outlet online, new balance, sac guess pas cher, nike blazer pas cher, true religion outlet, hermes pas cher, coach outlet, north face uk

 
At 6:02 PM, Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

polo ralph lauren, hollister, nfl jerseys, lululemon outlet, chi flat iron, vans scarpe, north face outlet, nike roshe run, north face outlet, giuseppe zanotti, converse shoes outlet, mont blanc, abercrombie and fitch, longchamp uk, soccer shoes, timberland boots, asics running shoes, hollister clothing, mcm handbags, hermes handbags, reebok outlet, soccer jerseys, mac cosmetics, new balance shoes, instyler ionic styler, nike air max, iphone cases, celine handbags, insanity workout, ray ban, ghd hair, herve leger, vans outlet, nike air max, softball bats, louboutin, converse, salvatore ferragamo, nike trainers uk, abercrombie, valentino shoes, nike air huarache, bottega veneta, gucci, oakley, p90x workout, wedding dresses, babyliss pro, beats by dre, jimmy choo outlet, replica watches, ray ban sunglasses

 
At 6:05 PM, Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

hollister, montre pas cher, juicy couture outlet, coach outlet, sac louis vuitton, louis vuitton uk, canada goose pas cher, canada goose jackets, wedding dresses uk, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, louis vuitton, louis vuitton, moncler pas cher, michael kors outlet, moncler, moncler outlet, moncler, lancel, ugg uk, ugg pas cher, pandora uk, supra shoes, replica watches, moncler, links of london uk, moncler uk, moncler, barbour, pandora jewelry, canada goose, sac louis vuitton, pandora charms, michael kors outlet online, pandora jewelry, swarovski jewelry, thomas sabo uk, barbour jackets uk, karen millen uk, toms shoes, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, canada goose outlet, canada goose jackets, juicy couture outlet, canada goose uk, doke & gabbana, canada goose, moncler jackets, swarovski uk, canada goose outlet, michael kors handbags, bottes ugg pas cher
10.20

 
At 7:52 PM, Blogger mmjiaxin said...

celine outlet online
hollister canada
ferragamo shoes
ugg outlet
true religion jeans sale
chicago blackhawks
michael kors outlet online
cheap jordan shoes
louis vuitton bags cheap
canada goose outlet
discount ugg boots
replica handbags,replica handbags outlet,cheap handbags,purses and handbags,wholesale replica handbags,replica bags,bags outlet,replica handbags wholesale,cheap purses,discount handbags,handbags sale,wholesale purses,handbags and purses,replica purses
air jordan 13
coach outlet online
polo ralph lauren
ferragamo outlet
oakley canada
nike mercurial
ugg boots
coach factory outlet
mm1128

 
At 7:24 PM, Blogger Zheng junxai5 said...

zhengjx20160627
polo ralph lauren outlet
louis vuitton outlet
louis vuitton
asics shoes for men
jordan retro 8
kate spade handbags
michael kors outlet clearance
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet
cheap oakleys
christian louboutin shoes
christian louboutin outlet
louis vuitton outlet
vans sneakers
true religion outlet
adidas uk
air jordan 4
louis vuitton handbags
oakley sunglasses wholesale
coach factory outlet online
coach outlet store online clearances
coach factory outlet online
gucci belts
polo ralph lauren outlet
kids lebron shoes
christian louboutin shoes
louis vuitton bags
ralph lauren home
ray bans
lebron 12
nike store uk
true religion jeans
michael kors outlet
cheap oakleys
true religion outlet online
louis vuitton outlet
kate spade outlet
ralph lauren outlet
air max
oakley canada

 
At 5:25 PM, Blogger ninest123 said...

polo ralph lauren outlet, cheap oakley sunglasses, louboutin pas cher, louis vuitton outlet, longchamp, air max, christian louboutin outlet, gucci outlet, louis vuitton, ugg boots, prada outlet, nike outlet, sac longchamp, burberry, air jordan pas cher, louboutin outlet, louis vuitton, michael kors, replica watches, oakley sunglasses, nike air max, louboutin, tiffany and co, uggs on sale, louis vuitton outlet, longchamp outlet, replica watches, longchamp pas cher, louboutin shoes, ugg boots, nike free, prada handbags, oakley sunglasses, longchamp outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, nike air max, oakley sunglasses, ray ban sunglasses, ray ban sunglasses, kate spade outlet, chanel handbags, louis vuitton, tiffany jewelry, jordan shoes, nike roshe run, ray ban sunglasses, nike free, oakley sunglasses, ralph lauren pas cher, tory burch outlet

 
At 5:32 PM, Blogger ninest123 said...

michael kors, nike air max, ray ban pas cher, tn pas cher, michael kors, true religion outlet, timberland, north face, true religion jeans, air force, ray ban uk, nike air max, coach purses, kate spade handbags, michael kors outlet, nike blazer, michael kors, ugg boots, true religion jeans, hermes, vans pas cher, new balance pas cher, oakley pas cher, michael kors outlet, burberry outlet online, ralph lauren uk, north face, abercrombie and fitch, vanessa bruno, hollister pas cher, converse pas cher, sac guess, michael kors, burberry, michael kors outlet, replica handbags, true religion jeans, lacoste pas cher, michael kors outlet, lululemon, nike roshe, hollister, hogan, nike air max, mulberry, coach outlet, nike free run uk, coach outlet, ugg boots, michael kors outlet

 
At 5:34 PM, Blogger ninest123 said...

mont blanc, insanity workout, valentino shoes, north face outlet, timberland boots, soccer shoes, vans shoes, babyliss, new balance, nfl jerseys, mac cosmetics, giuseppe zanotti, p90x workout, nike huarache, nike trainers, nike air max, reebok shoes, vans, ray ban, baseball bats, lululemon, hollister, mcm handbags, celine handbags, wedding dresses, hollister, soccer jerseys, nike air max, iphone cases, ralph lauren, abercrombie and fitch, instyler, chi flat iron, louboutin, converse outlet, north face outlet, herve leger, bottega veneta, nike roshe, longchamp, asics running shoes, birkin bag, hollister, beats by dre, ghd, lancel, oakley, jimmy choo shoes, gucci, ferragamo shoes

 
At 5:37 PM, Blogger ninest123 said...

canada goose outlet, moncler outlet, supra shoes, replica watches, toms shoes, moncler, thomas sabo, hollister, marc jacobs, swarovski, montre pas cher, moncler, ugg pas cher, louis vuitton, pandora jewelry, canada goose, sac louis vuitton pas cher, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, juicy couture outlet, canada goose, moncler, pandora charms, karen millen, pandora charms, juicy couture outlet, canada goose, bottes ugg, louis vuitton, swarovski crystal, links of london, canada goose, pandora jewelry, moncler, wedding dresses, canada goose outlet, louis vuitton, moncler, doudoune canada goose, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, coach outlet, louis vuitton, moncler, moncler, ugg boots uk, canada goose uk

 
At 9:21 PM, Blogger xjd7410@gmail.com said...

insanity workout
nike air max
rolex watches
michael kors outlet online sale
louis vuitton
vans shoes outlet
ray ban sunglasses
michael kors outlet
ed hardy clothing
coach outlet store online
ray ban
louis vuitton outlet
oakley sunglasses
louis vuitton handbags
nike outlet
ray bans
toms
cheap ray ban sunglasses
timberland outlet
kevin durant shoes 8
adidas shoes
kobe shoes 11
christian louboutin shoes
michael kors outlet clearance
louis vuitton outlet
louis vuitton
louis vuitton outlet
christian louboutin sale
oakley vault
louis vuitton handbags
coach outlet
coach outlet store online
kobe 11
jordans
louis vuitton outlet
louis vuitton outlet
tory burch outlet
beats headphones
michael kors purses
2016.7.14haungqin

 
At 11:53 PM, Blogger Liu Liu said...

In a fiery and bizarre Nike Air Max 2015 Shoes 50-minute news conference Tuesday morning, the Louisiana sheriff investigating the shooting death louboutin outlet of former cheap nfl jerseys NFL player Joe nfl jerseys store McKnight held forth at length about the criticism his department has faced; about race Nike Free Run relations and “black-on-black” crime; and what he called Nike Air Max 90 the shameful behavior of some christian louboutin shoes witnesses and the public. The remarks — nominally focused on a recent arrest in McKnight’s death — swerved passionately and erratically among many topics. Jefferson Parish Sheriff Newell Normand appeared visibly angry as he defended authorities NFL Jerseys from criticism. At one point he described the actions christian louboutin uk of both Nike Roshe Run the suspect and victim as wholesale nfl jerseys “bad behavior.”

 

Post a Comment

<< Home